Positive organizational psychology

Positive organizational psychology, behavior, and scholarship: A review
of the emerging literature and evidence base
Stewart I. Donaldson* and Ia Ko
School of Behavioral and Organizational Sciences, Claremont Graduate University,
Claremont, CA 91711, USA
(Received 20 May 2009; final version received 1 February 2010)

Introduction
Since its formal introduction at the American Psychological Association convention in 1998, the positive psychology movement has blossomed, giving birth to a vibrant community of scholars and practitioners interested in improving various aspects of society (Donaldson, Csikszentmihalyi, & Nakamura, in press). The widely cited new millennium issue of The American Psychologist on  Happiness, Excellence, and Optimal Functioning by Martin Seligman and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi has arguably helped fuel the passion
for and emergence of a broad range of positiveoriented activity across the social and human sciences (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Over this brief 10-year period of positive psychology’s earliest development, a wealth of new scholarly books, research studies, peer review journal publications, grant funds from major foundations and the National Institutes of Health, national and international conferences, and generous prizes for exemplary work have emerged (Donaldson, in press, a). This expanding domain of
scholarship and a growing evidence base have inspired universities across the globe to develop and offer courses and graduate programs in positive psychology.

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The Journal of Positive Psychology
Vol. 5, No. 3, May 2010, 177–191

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